The age-old construction method is now replaced with BIM i.e. Building Information Modeling. This technology gives the developers and architects the freedom to utilize every inch of the plot while designing a residential project. Hence, it is a win-win situation for the homebuyers in India also they can own capacious residential units. So, this blog post describes the BIM concept and let you know everything about the building information modeling.
1. What is Building Information Modelling
Popular as BIM, this is a technical process to create and manage the digital representation of physical and operational components of a residential project. Both, the architects and the Government planners use various BIM tools to plan, design, and construct diverse infrastructures including the residential units.
The Building Information Modeling is a technical method to infuse amenities like water, gas, communication utilities, roads, highways and more infrastructural facilities in and close to the housing complexes.
2. Components of BIM
The working of building information modeling is based-on five components that are Processes, Policies, People, Information and Technologies. Understand all of them one by one.
Processes – This is a reflection of workflow from start to end as it also defines the working of each element clearly.
Policies – These are the predetermined work ethics and can also be called as the basic rules that work as guidelines to make decisions. This is a set of guidelines to avoid misunderstandings with the stakeholders.
People – The addition of professionals from multiple departments under one system is the third element of the building information modeling. The key people responsible for the smooth working of this system are designated as BIM director, BIM Manager, BIM consultants and BIM technologists.
Information – This component has two parts. The first portion is model and it includes digital data of object, bridge, building or road. This information is shared with the concerned authorities to develop infrastructure to support urban living in a hassle-free manner.The second portion of this component is the documents. This is simple to understand as it is a digital version of drawings, prints, images and papers.
Technology – The availability of hardware and software to operate the working of the building information model is known as technology.
3. Levels of Building Information Modeling
Level 0 – This level reflects the absence of the building information modeling and this level ranked below one as there is zero coordination and collaboration between the parties collating information for an asset. The data in this stage is 2-dimensional and the exchange that takes place is usually on the papers.
Level 1 – Collaboration between the parties begins in this stage as the data is now a basic shape with CAD turns into 2D and 3D.
Level 2 – The building information modeling works is followed in this stage and the information is shared as and when required as collaboration between the parties gets better.
Level 3 -This is the highest level of building information system as the required collaboration, coordination and execution take place in the system. Also, there is only one source of data for the process to store, collect and share data.